2 edition of Islamic social-welfare organizations and the legitimacy of the state in Egypt found in the catalog.
Islamic social-welfare organizations and the legitimacy of the state in Egypt
Janine Astrid Clark
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||238|
Shadi Hamid considers how and why Islam, the role of sharia and the "longing" for a caliphate influence support for ISIS (also know as Islamic State or ISIL). He argues that Islam . ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria), also known as ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant), is a Sunni jihadist group with a particularly violent ideology that calls itself a caliphate and claims religious authority over all Muslims. It was inspired by al Qaida but later publicly expelled from it. RAND terrorism experts have analyzed the group's financing, management, and organization.
Saudi Arabia’s only source of political legitimacy is its self-portrayal as the “protector of Islam” — since the holiest Islamic cities are in Saudi Arabia. But the Ottoman Empire that was destroyed in WWI also based its legitimacy on being the “defender of Islam” — both exploited Islam for political and financial power. Hamas has implemented the same model. While Hamas is a lethal terrorist organization that has employed at least sixty suicide bombings since the second intifada began in September , many Palestinians and Europeans argue that the group's network of schools, orphanages, clinics, and social welfare organizations bestows some legitimacy.
Zakat (Arabic: زكاة zakāh, "that which purifies", also Zakat al-mal [zaˈkaːt alˈmaːl] زكاة المال, "zakat on wealth", or Zakah) is a form of alms-giving treated in Islam as a religious obligation or tax, which, by Quranic ranking, is next after prayer in importance.. As one of the Five Pillars of Islam, zakat is a religious duty for all Muslims who meet the necessary. This book traces the history of the Dār al-Iftā, the Egyptian State Mufti's administration, from its inception in the s to the present. Often uncomfortably positioned between a state bureaucracy and an emerging Muslim public concerned with the transmission of Islamic values, the various State Muftis have been striving to reinterpret Islamic law and Reviews: 2.
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Private Voluntary Organizations in Egypt is a well-written, well-organized book that consistently and persuasively argues that PVOs are successful in challenging the state's role in providing social welfare benefits because of the fact that they are both "small" and "local.".
This book is divided in five chapters. The first chapter links Islamic social institutions, social movement theory, and the middle class. The second discusses Islamic medical clinics in Cairo, relating them to the middle class.
The third chapter focuses on the case of Jordan and the Islamic Center Charity Society. Chapra feels that there exists abundant evidence to make it “absolutely unjustified not to term the Islamic state as a welfare state.”2 El-Ghazali expresses this concept of welfare saying: “The objective of Shari'ah, as far as people are concerned, is five-fold: The protection of their religion, life, mind, offspring, and property.
The structure of Islamic society is based on social well being and social welfare according to the Islamic principles and teachings. There are three main pillars of Islamic society, namely: 1. Social Cohesion, 2. Co-Operation, 3. Self Sufficiency. Organization Designators Organizations listed by the United Nations Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions () () and () concerning Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (Da’esh), Al-Qaida and associated individuals, groups, undertakings and entities: Abdullah Azzam Brigades United Nations, Argentina, Bahrain, Canada, Iraq, New.
Modern Arab societies such as Egypt and Saudi Arabia have long struggled to reconcile the claims of state and religion. For some autocrats in the Middle East, religion offers a source of legitimacy.
But religious authority also competes with state authority and can give courage and structure to opposition movements in these states. states within Muslim world (including Pakistan) to see whether, they are dedicated to the Islamic ideal or just following the path of Westernization.
Third, this article revisits the notion of high consumption welfare state from an ecological point of view. Therefore, it raises questions about the legitimacy of the American dream and the. From Nasser to Mubarak: Path-dependency and changes in the Egyptian social welfare.
Social welfare under the monarchy and the Nasser regime. Under the monarchy, Egypt witnessed some very limited forms of social policy. For instance, ina pension programme was introduced but covered only civil servants and military personnel (El-Meehy. Like most Islamic Socialists of his era, Khalifa too was basically explaining Islamic Socialism to be a kind of spiritual and theistic concept of the social democratic welfare state enacted in.
Several violent non-state groups also administer social services. Although earlier works stress the effects of social service provision on support and sympathy for violent groups, this article emphasizes a broader challenge.
Namely, social welfare organizations threaten to rob the state of the legitimacy it derives through the social contract. Jihad (English: / dʒ ɪ ˈ h ɑː d /; Arabic: جهاد jihād [dʒɪˈhaːd]) is an Arabic word which literally means striving or struggling, especially with a praiseworthy aim.
In an Islamic context, it can refer to almost any effort to make personal and social life conform with God's guidance, such as struggle against one's evil inclinations, proselytizing, or efforts toward the moral. However, Islam has envisaged a system of mutual help and social assistance that provides basis for the modern concept of Social Welfare.
This paper addresses the concept of welfare in Islamic perspective and discussion is supported by Holy Quraan and Hadiths. Similarly, during the development of nation-states domestic rulers sought to centralize power and re-define the relationship between state and religion.
For example, in Egypt. The next two parts deal with "politics of Muslim subjectivities" in both Jordan and Egypt respectively. Each part begins with an overview of the development of the relationship between the "state" in both countries, on the one hand, and charity and social welfare organizations, on the other hand.
From Clark: “Islamic Social Welfare Organizations” [Egypt] “Contrary to the views expressed in much of the prevailing literature, this paper argues that Islamic clinics are neither a reflection of nor a primary cause of a growth in political Islam. List of Islamic organizations in the United States Of America.
Al-Fatiha Foundation Alianza Islámica American Islamic Congress American Islamic Forum for Democracy American Muslim Council American Muslims Intent on Learning and Activism American Society of Muslims.
By the s, such organizations were hardly novel. The first and most famous Islamist group was the Muslim Brotherhood, which was founded in Egypt in and later established branches throughout the Arab world.
Over time, similar organizations cropped up elsewhere in the Sunni Muslim world. The Muslim Brotherhood's social outreach after the Egyptian coup 2 included individual entities spread across each of Egypt’s 27 governorates.3 Among the.
The Brotherhood invented peaceful ways to act for Islam. This scrupulously researched book analyses how the Brothers' call to Islam and social welfare activism were renewed by absorption of talented Islamic student leaders of the s whose presence helped make possible successful participation in Egypt's brief moment of democratic politics."Reviews: 1.
Muslim Organisations in South Africa - Social Welfare. Al Ansaar Foundation - The Al-Ansaar Foundation was inaugurated in ( AH) by a group of concerned Muslim businessmen, whose desire was to uplift, educate and revive the Ummah.
Today, the foundation runs a number of projects including Radio Al Ansaar, the Mariam Bee Sultan Pre-School,&nb. Since the coup that ousted Morsi, the Egyptian state has launched a vicious campaign to wipe out and suppress the Muslim Brotherhood (Jamā`at al-Ikhwān al-Muslimīn), one of the most important Islamic revivalist organizations of the past century.
The Brotherhood has worked since its founding in towards the creation of an Islamic society.Islam, Charity, and Activism by Janine A. Clark Throughout the Middle East, Islamist charities and social welfare organizations play a major role in addressing the socioeconomic needs of Muslim societies, independently of the state.
Through case studies of Islamic medical clinics in Egypt, the Islamic Center Charity Society in Jordan, and the Islah Women's Charitable Society in .Islamic sentiment and practices were widespread in the s.
Filling the vacuum left by the withering of state populism, the Islamic movement constructed an alternative social infrastructure--mosques, clinics, cooperatives--to bring the masses under Islamic leadership.